Nested Routes and Layouts with ReactJS

 ReactJS, a popular JavaScript library for building user interfaces, provides powerful tools for creating complex UIs. One such tool is React Router, which allows us to create nested routes and layouts. Let’s dive into how we can leverage these features.

What are Nested Routes?

Nested routes, as the name suggests, are routes within routes. They allow us to create more complex UI structures where components can have their own “subroutes”. This is particularly useful in applications where the UI is divided into multiple sections, each with its own navigation.

Setting Up React Router

First, we need to install React Router:

npm install react-router-dom

Then, we can import it into our project:

import { BrowserRouter as Router, Route, Switch } from 'react-router-dom';

Creating Nested Routes

Let’s say we have a User component, and we want to create separate routes for UserDetail and UserEdit. Here’s how we can do it:

import { Route, useRouteMatch } from 'react-router-dom';

function User() {

  let { path } = useRouteMatch();

  return (


      <Route exact path={path}>

        <h3>Please select a user.</h3>


      <Route path={`${path}/:userId/details`} component={UserDetail} />

      <Route path={`${path}/:userId/edit`} component={UserEdit} />




In the above code, useRouteMatch is a hook that provides information about the current route. We’re using it to get the current path and create nested routes for UserDetail and UserEdit.

Layouts in React

Layouts are a way to create reusable wrapper components that can be applied to multiple routes. They can contain elements like headers, footers, sidebars, etc., that remain constant across different routes.

Here’s an example of a layout component:

function Layout({ children }) {

    return (








We can use this Layout component in our routes like this:

<Route path="/users">


    <Users />



In the above code, Users is a component that will be rendered inside the Layout component.


Nested routes and layouts are powerful tools in ReactJS that allow us to create complex, modular, and maintainable user interfaces. By understanding and leveraging these concepts, we can greatly enhance the structure and readability of our React applications.

That’s it for this post. Happy coding!

Please note that this is a basic introduction to nested routes and layouts in ReactJS. Depending on your application, you might need to delve deeper into these concepts.